Friday, October 10, 2008

Qinghe Special Steel Corporation disaster

The Qinghe Special Steel Corporation disaster was an industrial disaster that occurred on April 18, 2007, in Tieling, Liaoning Province, China. Thirty-two people were killed and six were injured when a used to transport molten steel separated from an overhead rail in the Qinghe Special Steel Corporation facility.

A subsequent investigation by the Chinese authorities found that safety was extremely lacking at the plant, with the direct cause being inappropriate use of substandard equipment. The investigation also concluded that the various other safety failings at the facility were contributing factors. The report went on to criticise safety across the Chinese steel industry.

Sun Huashan, deputy head of the State Administration of Work Safety, said that it was "the most serious accident to hit China's steel industry since 1949."


The Qinghe Special Steel Corporation , established in 1987, In 2006, the factory produced 70,000 tonnes of steel and had hoped to increase production to 120,000 tonnes in 2007. The ladle which failed carried molten steel from a blast furnace to other processes, and had a diameter of two metres and a capacity of 30 tons of liquid steel. It ran on a rail at a height of three metres above the factory floor. The official Xinhua press agency also released a report stating that the ladle fell on workers below, but this was unclear as in to whether the workers were in fact crushed or whether this, too, conflicted with the other reports.


The Chinese authorities immediately launched a full investigation into the disaster, The factory itself was sealed off for the course of the investigation, a common practice in China, but work continued in the site office.

The investigation concluded that the direct cause of the disaster was Qinghe using a standard hoist instead of one specifically designed for dangerous smelting work. Other contributing factors identified were lax safety measures and "chaotic" management. The official report also stated that "Equipment and materials inside the workshop were messy, the work space was narrow, and safety passages did not meet requirements."

The report goes on to say that the accident highlights poor working conditions and safety measures in the Chinese steel industry, "Some firms cannot adapt to the demands of rapid expansion and ignore safety... Safety inspection is not in place, leading to multiple accidents." and concluding "Work safety conditions in the metallurgy sector are extremely grim,".


The bodies of the deceased were too badly burned to be recognisable, so DNA testing was used for identification. Within 24 hours of the disaster, officials had arrested the plant's owner and three employees who were in charge of work safety issues, and had promised the families of the victims a minimum of 200,000 yuan each in compensation. According to ''Xinhua'', the positions of those arrested were the manager of the mill, an operator, a technician and a workshop supervisor. The same statement from the work safety administration as had issued the conflicting injury count stated that those responsible were "under control" but did not elaborate further.

Port of Dalian

Port of Dalian founded in 1899 lies at the southern tip of Liaodong Peninsula in Liaoning province and is the most northern ice-free port in China. It is also the largest multi-purpose port in Northeast China serving the seaports North Asia, East Asia and the Pacific Rim. It is the trade gateway to the Pacific. It is the second largest container transshipment hub in mainland China.

The Port of Dalton consist of Daliangang, dalianwan, Xianglujiao, Nianyuwan, Ganjinzi, Heizuizi, Si'ergou and Dayaowan port areas. Port of Dalian is owned and managed by the Dalian Port Corporation Limited. It has established trading and shipping links with more than 300 ports in 160 countries and regions of the world. There are 68 international and domestic container shipping routes. Port of Dalian handles at least 100 million in cargo throughput annually.


Port of Dalian is located at 38 °55′44″N and 121° 39′17″. The port covers a water area of 346 km? and a land area of nearly 15 km?.There are 160 km of specialized railway lines,300,000 m? of warehouses,1.8million km? of stacking yards and over 1,000 units of different types of loading and discharging machinery and equipment.

Port Infrastructure

The port has 80 modern berths in production. Out of the 80 berths, 38 are deep water berths for vessels of over . The annual throughout was 64.17 million tons in 1995.

Politics of Liaoning

The politics of Liaoning Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

The Governor of Liaoning is the highest ranking official in the People's Government of Liaoning. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor has less power than the Liaoning Communist Party of China Provincial Committee Secretary , colloquially termed the "Liaoning CPC Party Chief".

Previous to 1949 and the takeover of the Communist forces, Liaoning was governed by the Fengtian Clique of warlords and interchangeably officials of the Chiang Kai-shek bureaucracy. During the Qing Dynasty Liaoning was known as the province of Fengtian, and was governed by a ''zongdu'' or Viceroy , along with the provinces of Jilin and Heilongjiang. The province itself also had a governor .

List of party chiefs

List of Governors

List of Chairmen of Liaoning People's Congress

#Huang Oudong : 1980-1983
#Zhang Zhengde : 1983-1988
#Wang Guangzhong : 1988-1993
#Quan Shuren :1993-1998
#Wang Huaiyuan : 1998-2003
#Wen Shizhen : 2003-2005
#Li Keqiang : 2005-2007
#Zhang Xilin : 2007-incumbent

List of Chairmen of Liaoning

#Huang Oudong : 1955-1959
#Huang Huoqing : 1959-1967
#Huang Oudong : 1977-1980
#Li Huang : 1980-1982
#Song Li : 1982-1985
#Xu Shaofu : 1985-1993
#Sun Qi : 1993-2001
#Xiao Zuofu : 2001-2003
#Zhang Wenyue : 2003-2004
#Guo Tingbiao : 2004

List of prisons in Liaoning

This is a list of prisons within Liaoning province of the People's Republic of China.

* Anshan Prison
* Baoshan Prison
* Dalian City Prison
* Dalian Nanguanling Prison
* Dalian Prison
* Dandong Prison
* Dongling Prison
* Fushun Nanhuayuan Prison
* Fushun Qingtaizi Prison
* Fuxin Sihe Prison
* Gaoshanzi Prison
* Huazi Prison
* Jinzhou Prison
* Kaiyuan Prison
* Kangjiashan Prison
* Kangping Beisanjiazi Prison
* Kangping Prison
* Lingdong Prison
* Lingyuan No. 1 Prison
* Lingyuan No. 2 Prison
* Lingyuan No. 3 Prison
* Lingyuan No. 4 Prison
* Lingyuan No. 5 Prison
* Lushun City Prison
* North Suburb Prison
* Panjin Prison
* Panshan Prison
* Provincial Women's Prison
* Shenyang No. 1 Prison
* Shenyang No. 2 Prison
* Shenyang No. 3 Prison
* Shenyang No. 5 Prison
* Shenyang Women's Prison
* Shenyang Zaohua Prison
* Shimen Prison
* Tieling Prison
* Wafangdian Prison
* Weining Prison
* Xialing Prison
* Xihu Prison
* Yixian Prison
* Yingkou Prison
* Yong'an Prison
* Zhangwu Prison

Online Version of the Source

List of laojiaos in Liaoning

This is a list of laojiaos within Liaoning province of the People's Republic of China.
A laojiao is a labor camp.

*Anshan RTL
*Benxi RTL
*Chaoyang RTL
*Dalian RTL
*Fushun RTL
*Fuxin RTL
*Jinzhou RTL
*Masanjia RTL
*Nanguanling RTL
*Qinhuangdao RTL
*Shenyang RTL
*Tieling RTL

List of administrative divisions of Liaoning

Liaoning, a of the People's Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of :

* 14 prefecture-level divisions
** 12 prefecture-level cities
** 2 sub-provincial cities
* 100 county-level divisions
** 17 county-level cities
** 19
** 8 autonomous counties
** 56 s
* 1532 township-level divisions
** 614 s
** 302 s
** 77 ethnic townships
** 539 subdistricts

All of these administrative divisions are explained in greater detail at Political divisions of China. This chart lists only prefecture-level and county-level divisions of Liaoning.

Liaoning Hunters

Liaoning Panpan Hunters or Liaoning Hunters or Liaoning Panpan are a basketball team in the North Division of the Chinese Basketball Association, based in Yingkou, Liaoning.

Its corporate sponsor is presumably Liaoning Panpan Group Co., Ltd. , a manufacturer of theft-proof doors.

In the 2004–2005 season, the Liaoning Hunters finished in first place in the North Division, but lost in the quarter-finals to the South Division's Yunnan Bulls.